The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest federal nutrition program in the United States and reaches the most children at risk of hunger in our states. SNAP improves families’ access to nutritious food by providing resources to purchase food. In 2011, 44.7 million people participated in SNAP each month. Almost half of those people were children (23 million). The majority of SNAP benefits, about 70 percent, go to households with children. SNAP is our most powerful and effective anti-hunger program for kids.
SNAP helps keep our children and our economy healthy. In times of financial hardship, caused by the loss of a job or a change in family size, SNAP helps families have the means to get the food they need. In 2011, a household with children that received SNAP benefits earned on average $943 a month. These families received around $413 in SNAP benefits a month for an average of 9 months to purchase food to keep their children fed and healthy. The average SNAP benefit per meal is less than $1.50. Even the small amount of SNAP benefits that families receive for such a short duration, the program has significant impact on the healthy development of children and on the economy.
- According to Children’s HealthWatch, young children in families who receive SNAP are less likely to be underweight or at risk for developmental issues compared to children in families that are eligible, but do not receive SNAP benefits
- Ten percent of households with children that are food insecure upon enrolling in SNAP will move to be food secure after six months of receiving SNAP benefits
- For every $5.00 in SNAP benefits a family receives, $9.00 is spent in the local community, primarily on groceries from the neighborhoods supermarket
To increases access to and participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, the No Kid Hungry campaign works with public and private organizations at the national, state and local levels to:
Childhood Food Insecurity: The Mitigating Role of SNAP
This brief examines the family and community factors associated with an increased risk of food insecurity among children and finds that characteristics such as poor parental health, low social support, and parents experiencing depressive symptoms increase the likelihood that a low-income family with children will experience food insecurity among children.
Created by: The Urban Institute
Food Insecurity in Households With Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics, 2010-11Food Insecurity in Households With Children: Prevalence, Severity, and Household Characteristics, 2010-11This report describes the extent and severity of food insecurity in households with children in 2011, food security trends since 1999, and characteristics of households affected by food insecurity in 2010 and 2011.
Created by: USDA Economic Research Service
Reaching the Underserved Elderly and Working Poor in SNAP: Evaluation Findings from the Fiscal Year 2009 Pilots
Measuring the Effect of SNAP Participation on Food Security
This report presents the evaluation findings, by comparing information collected from SNAP households within days of entering the program to information obtained after about six months of participation to control for factors unrelated to SNAP.
The main objectives of the study were to:
• Assess how household food security and food expenditures vary with SNAP participation
• Examine how the relationships between SNAP and food security and between SNAP and food expenditures vary by key household characteristics and circumstances
• Examine in more depth what factors may distinguish between food secure and food insecure SNAP households with children
Created by: USDA Food and Nutrition Service
The Relationship Between SNAP and Work Among Low-Income Households
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program’s (SNAP) primary purpose is to increase the food purchasing power of eligible low-income households in order to improve their nutrition and alleviate hunger and malnutrition. This report highlights how the SNAP program has become effective in supporting work and that its performance in this area has improved substantially in recent years.
Created By: The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
An Overview of the Effectiveness of Various Approaches to Addressing Food Insecurity in the United States: Executive SummaryAn Overview of the Effectiveness of Various Approaches to Addressing Food Insecurity in the United States: Executive Summary
An executive summary for the report on Addressing U.S. Food Insecurity.
Created By: Craig Gundersen, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois
Addressing U.S. Food Insecurity
An Overview of the Effectiveness of Various Approaches to Addressing Food Insecurity in the United States
Created By: Craig Gundersen,Professor, Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois
SNAP's Role in Helping Children
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as the Food Stamp Program) is the nation’s largest child nutrition program, providing benefits to help one in three children in the nation to be able to eat a nutritionally sound diet. As such, SNAP is crucially important to children’s health and well-being.
Created By: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
The Critical Role of SNAP Benefits
USDA Economic Research Service, with colleagues from the World Bank and the University of Illinois, examined the anti-poverty effects of SNAP during 2000 to 2009, a period that included the 2001 and 2007-09 recessions and the additional SNAP benefits authorized in the 2009 stimulus legislation. The authors of the report calculated the effects of SNAP on the prevalence, depth, and severity of poverty.
Created By: USDA, Economic Research Service, Food Economics Division
The SNAP Vaccine: Boosting Children's Health
New research by Children's HealthWatch showing the health and developmental benefits of SNAP participation in children from eligible families.
Created By: Children’s HealthWatch
Characteristics of SNAP Households: 2012
This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2012. It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2012.
Created By: USDA Food and Nutrition Services
How Much Does SNAP Reduce Food Insecurity?
Using the 1996, 2001, and 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) panels, this paper measures SNAP’s effectiveness in reducing food insecurity.
Created By: The Urban Institute
FRAC SNAP Access in Urban America A City-by-City Snapshot January 2011
This report examines SNAP and hunger in 22 of America’s largest urban areas, situated in 19 states and the District of Columbia, looking particularly at local SNAP participation rates, numbers of unserved people, and consequences for individuals and local economies.
Created By: The Food Research and Action Center
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Counters High Unemployment
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) is provides assistance to millions of families in the US. This fact sheet describes how, as unemployment rates have climbed, so have the rates of SNAP receipt — among older families, families with children, and single adults.
Created By: Urban Institute
USDA SNAP State Options Report-2010
USDA report outlines the options states have selected for SNAP policies and processes.
Created By: United States Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service
Evaluating SNAP Outreach Efforts
A guide that provides step-by-step tools to evaluate:
• Media outreach
• Paid advertising and Public Service Announcements (PSAs)
• Partnership development
• Public awareness
Created By: USDA
Keys to a Healthy SNAP
The Keys to a Healthy SNAP framework is designed to help advocates consider the breadth of options for improving SNAP access in their state. The document articulates how a model program would operate in categories such as customer service, policy adaptation and outreach coordination.
Source: Share Our Strength
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Putting Healthy Foods Within Reach: State Outreach ToolkitSupplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): Putting Healthy Foods Within Reach: State Outreach Toolkit
Provides resources for state partners to engage in SNAP outreach
Created By: USDA Food and Nutrition Service Department
Program Access Toolkit: A Guide For Sates Agencies on Improving Access to SNAP
This toolkit provides ideas and examples for policy and procedure changes to increase access to SNAP within a state.
Created By: USDA Food and Nutrition Services
Share Our Strength No Kid Hungry, SNAP Education: A Strong InvestmentSNAP-Ed, part of the larger SNAP program, helps families gain the skills to be more prudent providers for their children for a lifetime, not just the limited amount of time they are receiving SNAP benefits. Investing in SNAP-Ed isn’t just the right thing to do; it’s the smart thing to do. Good nutrition leads to reduced health care costs, academic success, and a stronger workforce.Created By: Share Our Strength
Share Our Strength No Kid Hungry, Keep SNAP StrongThe Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program makes it possible for families to put food on the table, even when times are tough. In fact, SNAP is the most powerful and effective anti-hunger program for kids. Keeping SNAP strong isn’t only the right thing to do – it’s also the smart thing to do. Children who get enough of the healthy food they need, as a rule, face fewer health problems, do better in school and grow up to lead stronger, more productive lives.Created By: Share Our Strength
Getting Food Stamps in Maryland: 2011 Edition
This guide will tell you the truth about Food Stamps and give you the facts you need to apply quickly and easily.
Created By: Maryland Hunger Solutions
SNAP Outreach and Nutrition Education Materials: Download Center
This webpage provides access to SNAP outreach and nutrition education materials that can be downloaded or ordered from USDA to distribute to families potentially eligible for SNAP benefits.
Created By: The USDA Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program